80m Delta Loop

43 postage ALPHA DELTA DX-80 80M Mono-band. It changes directions by adding tuning stubs that can switch in and out. Dipole Antenna Length Calculator Dipoles antennas are easy to build and can be very effective when placed half a wavelenth or more above ground. Back in June 2011 I put up a horizontal delta loop for 40m and I wrote about it at some length here. The Alpha Loop is a 10-40 Meter transmit/receive magnetic loop antenna, which handles 100 Watts PEP SSB, 50 Watts CW, and 25 Watts Digital. At the heart of every radio and MLA (Magnetic Loop Antenna) is the resonant circuit. Against a delta loop for 20m, for example, I found an EFHW will be a good 3dB down. 160 m loop on 80, 80 m loop on 40, 20 m loop on 10, etc. Pro Antennas specialises in compact and efficient HF antennas for amateur radio. 05 - Made some plans for putting up this delta loop antenna. The following is an article which I wrote and was published in the February 2013 edition of the Central Coast ARC "Smoke Signals" magazine. 309 - Hybrid Multiband Antenna for 160m to 10m. The Delta Loop antenna is one of the famous "magical antennas", but in reality, the Delta Loop antenna is not as magical as it's reputation. pdf Antenna_Specialist_VHF_Yagi_3_5el_user. 40 Meters Delta Loop Electrical Design For those interested in why I chose to go with a delta loop for 40 meters please refer back to this earlier article on vertically-polarized antennas. The stub opens the loop on 28Mhz, on all other frequencies the antenna is working as a closed loop. Bazooka Balun Dipole. Polaroid loop amplified indoor arrial, freeview. help with better macthing system on delta loop. So, I selected a length of ladder line suggested for feeding a 40m loop, hoping that the autotuner would handle the difference at 80m and possibly even at 160m. EndFed 1/2 Wave 800W 80M-10M Wire Antenna SKU: ZMF-1982HP. The K9AY is terminated loop. Dual-Band Sloper Antenna 39 63. Frequency in This will calculate the length of a delta loop. Used my Loop for 80M. A Magnetic Loop Antenna for Shortwave Listening (SWL) Now that we’re on the downward slope of sunspot cycle 23 (2004) you may have noticed that some of your favorite broadcast stations don’t come in as strong as they did a few years ago. Also standard is a no-mar clamp for affixing the antenna to a table or railing. 00 foot ground plane Three Quarter wave Vertical: 201. ), with a model 3000W 4:1 ratio balun. Power:500w max. There is a 4:1 balun at the feedpoint enabling it to be fed directly with 50ohm coax - RG-213 or. Loop Antenna # 2 - Operation moderately far from resonance or on harmonics: When operating a Vertical or Horizontal Loop moderately far from resonance or on harmonics, average SWR will be lowest using a 4:1 balun. Random Length Multiband Dipoles. However, on 20 meters and above, the large horizontals present an azimuth pattern with many deep nulls. The skywire loop is an excellent antenna - they can be a bit of work to get up in the air if you have a lot of obstacles (trees. Broadband Fixed Base Station Dipole & Loop HF Antenna Systems, such as the SWC100 & BBA100C. Random Length Radiator Wire Antenna. Area Riservata. With a good antenna tuner the antenna will work 6 thru 160 meters. 31 /F(MHz) metres. Ace's Full Wave Loop Antenna Info I have personally used a 160 meter band Horizontal Full Wave Loop antenna with very good success. This enables the Alpha Loop to be heard and be more Effective than any other manufactured loop. For DX operation the bottom wire should not be higher than 4m. The DELTA-80HP is a full wave loop designed to operate on 80m (3. 78 dBi gain, which is 0. I was able to hear a mobile that was on the 401 just outside of Windsor that I could not hear on the 'V’ but the loop was barely audible to him and he could not read me. In the evening when most of us have time to relax and enjoy a little time on the radio, the higher frequency bands are either dead or very crowded. Horizontal loop multiband antenna; Horizontal loop antenna, modeling; Portable Delta-loop 30-6M 300W or 1KW, readymade; DIY 80 m spiral loop antenna. Our antennas are designed to be neighbour friendly whilst providing outstanding performance. 80m - a full wave wire loop suspended between two trees with the top roughly 20m up. For more information,. Loop Antenna for 10m 35 59. Terminated Sloper Antenna. Barker & Williamson has been a recognized leader worldwide in the manufacture of the highest quality HF broadband antennas, fiberglass masts, air wound coil stock, and other radio parts for military, government, EOC and commercial use since 1932. GB DELTA LOOP 30m. 201 - FD4 Windom Antenna for 80m, 40m, 20m, 10m. The loop is constructed from approximatly 174 meters of 14AWG hard drawn enamelled copper wire and is fed via a 2Kw 4:1 Balun using Aircell 7 coax. 30 Meter Antennas. The loops are 2m in diameter with the lowest point 0. Dual-Band Sloper Antenna 39 63. Easily transported in the convenient tactical backpack, this antenna can go anywhere you can. Ace This antenna is a high performance, full size, full wave, 80m loop antenna. But don’t be misled – just because they are easy to make doesn’t mean they don’t work well. I am considering a current balun and the information is overwhelming for current baluns but not much with loops. Because the antenna is electrically significantly longer on 80m than on 160m, we have switched to a series resonant circuit. Closed loop antennas are always less sensitive to noise than open driven element antennas (e. The intermediate frequency for a 40-m loop is 30m, and for a 20-m loop, they are 17m, 15m, and 12m. In my own house, the paper shredder, microwave oven, furnace ignition system, eliptical exercise machine, dvd player, and other assorted. Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. de Bedingt durch einen QTH-Wechsel mußte ich mich von meinem guten alten Langdraht, beschrieben in CQDL 7/2001. The wires rest on the cut out ridges on the four spreader arms. We have been working quite a bit of DX from our completed mobile station. With a simple wire loop or delta and a small USB powerbank it makes a very compact and portable receiving antenna for holiday listening or covert use. 160m: a maximum enhancement of 2 dBi at 89 degrees elevation. The best I found was the venerable delta loop — about 90 feet on each side, it is a giant. The delta loop gives up some of the quad's 1 to 1. 84 meters (~ 272 ft. When I first built it, I fed it from the top (apex about 50 feet or so). The HF Delta Loop Antenna is a high performance, omni-directional, broadband antenna that is suited to base-to-base or base-to-mobile communication over short to medium distances. We have a Glossia MLA-30 Loop Antenna for sale, all fully working and great value for money at 33. The wooden poles are "poles in the bark. The open loop might not be as efficient but will have a different pattern of radiation which might allow me to more effectively communicate with some areas that are in the nulls of the closed loop. In fact a lot of my problems were solved at their source, as catalogued in my EMC pages. The stub in the top leg of the antenna opens the loop when operating on 40 meters and selected other bands. However, thanks to other hams like Steve AA5TB there are tried and tested designs, calculators & building methods that are known to work and that you can follow. Loop-Antennen sind Ganz-Lambda Schleifen und werden zum Zwecke der flachen DX-Abstrahlung üblicherweise vertikal aufgehängt. I have a vertical delta loop for 80m. The top of the loop is (roughly) 25-30 Feet up with the bottom of the triangle only about 8 feet off the ground. Details HAM 160m (1800-2000 kHz) Dipole, Inverted V and Delta Loop. November 1, 2017. 84 meters (~ 272 ft. 99 Radio Antenna - Vortex Delta Loop. - For Technical Information & Help - Bilal Company 137 Manchester Drive Florissant, CO 80816 719-687-0650. The ALT-930-2M is a Triple large loop antenna system (LAS) based on the Van Veen/ Bergervoet principle. 160M Loop Feedpoint. PWR OUT 10 Watts, ANT Delta Loop RW0AJ: ant. November 2003 i take off to avoid interaction, the 160 m. It is fed with 70-80 meters of RG-218. It is roughly 475 feet long and fed with 450-ohm ladder line. 27 twinlead Quarter wave in space is: 68. The measurements are different than for the dipole, and are given in the table below. Hear it Dual Inline Module. Bardzo dziękujemy za zaproponowanie nowego tematu! Po sprawdzeniu otrzymasz punkty! KANY-SQ2VF 13 Lut 2009 16:33 4976 4. premium commercial center-fed antennas: Loops, etc. 50 foot eighthwave Halfwave wire. The wire itself is not critical as long as it is roughly this size. Feeding a Delta Loop. For more information,. Die Delta Loop ist eine dreieckförmige Schleifenantenne deren grosser Vorteil darin besteht, dass man nur über einen einzigen hohen Aufhängepunkt (Mast, Baum etc) verfügen muss. Alpha-Delta_DX-A_review_1996. 22 Different Wire Antennas for 160m compilation by TopbandHams 22 Different Wire Antennas Random Length Radiator Wire Antenna. The Alpha Loop is a 10-40 Meter transmit/receive magnetic loop antenna, which handles 100 Watts PEP SSB, 50 Watts CW, and 25 Watts Digital. Very reliable for emergency communications type work. The antenna is manufactured from lightweight but extremely strong construction grade 6082-T6 Aluminium stock with a heavy duty boom which is guaranteed to give you many years of excellent service. pdf PDF-Dokument [389. de Bedingt durch einen QTH-Wechsel mußte ich mich von meinem guten alten Langdraht, beschrieben in CQDL 7/2001. Area Riservata. If you require any further assistance or advice, please do not hesitate to get in touch. In free space the delta loop produces the highest gain and the highest radiation resistance for a three-sided loop configuration. Delta loops are very very sensitive to height of the long bottom wire above the ground. Posted on 2010-01-07 by N7SK. However, the intermediate frequencies can be worked on without any problems using a tuner, as the VSWR is below 3:1. Loop circumference is 2. "Work active at 10m, 20m, 30m, 40m, 80m & also 2m band. On the radio now remains only the controller and. help with better macthing system on delta loop. However, on 20 meters and above, the large horizontals present an azimuth pattern with many deep nulls. 92 - V-Beam Antenna for 15m. The Sigma Euro-Comm DELTA- 80 HP. Reference Hari-Delta-80. 800 Mhz but also easy to modify!. When disassembled the antenna easily fits in a suitcase or backpack. Your 80M loop has many lobes of differing gain. For a while, I used a W3EDP antenna, but to be honest, results were mediocre at best, and since the tuner I used was in the shack, there was always RF in the shack. The 40m Loop antenna Ed, VK2JI (This antenna is also known under the names "Sky Loop" and "DX-Buster" and is very similar to a horizontal delta loop). The Delta Loop antenna is one of the famous "magical antennas", but in reality, the Delta Loop antenna is not as magical as it's reputation. 1 I just wanted to let you know that I built the KL7JR Sloping Vertical Delta Loop and I am having a great time with it. The Delta Loop antenna is one of the famous ”magical antennas”, but in reality, the Delta Loop antenna is not as magical as it’s reputation. Both designed as smarter, stronger, and more elegant all band options covering every frequency from 160 to 6M. This type of antenna radiates most of its signal at very high angles, which is perfect for using Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) propagation to contact stations up to about 500 miles away on the 80 meter band. I anticipate moving overseas in about six months, but … Continue reading "A loading coil for 80m". 80m leaves a little lacking although I suspected such since there’s only 100k bandwidth there. Delta loop is the wire triangle with equal angles of 60 ° and a feed point at one corner. Wire-Beam Antenna for 80m 38 62. The following is an article which I wrote and was published in the February 2013 edition of the Central Coast ARC "Smoke Signals" magazine. Range of HF base antennas, wire, autotune, vertical, broadband, power 100 Watts – 2000watts, 2KW, 1MHz, 1MHz-30MHz. And, as noted, the skywire loop can be a fine, fine multi-band antenna that actually has impressive gain as you make it bigger or use it on higher and higher frequencies. One of this summer's projects was to put up a full-wave 80 meter horizontal loop antenna, sometimes called a "loop skywire". The loop was an outstanding performer in the CQ160 contest. 7 MHz near the bottom or top of the band, or using a 3. HFedz Antennas. TheV51YJ shack. W6LVP amplified receive-only magnetic loop antenna (boy is that mouthful): The W6LVP mag loop is a complete receive antenna system delivering top-of-the-line performance to amateur radio operators and SWLs – particularly for those with space and/or budget limitations. Listen in, tune in – or participate. long wire loop gets even lower - remarkably so, as shown in Figure 6. I am new to HF. The Delta Loop (Skywire) Antenna Legends, Theory and Reality. 001 project x. The antenna length should be about a half wavelength at the lowest frequency of interest for best results. Broadside to the Delta loop, one gets ~ 4 dB of gain over the omnidirectional vertical, but one suffers the negative of this advantage in directions 90 degrees to the plane of the delta loop. Contest Dates and time UTC 2000Z-2100Z, Feb 26 Contest Information. The antenna is manufactured from lightweight but extremely strong construction grade 6082-T6 Aluminium stock with a heavy duty boom which is guaranteed to give you many years of excellent service. I have drawn the. I used a 50pf vacuum variable. 66 - ZL-Special Beam Antenna for 15m. I've since been able to buy a stash of 15mm wide clear acrylic pieces in 50mm, 100mm, 150mm and 200mm lengths which make. une demi longueur d »onde sur 80m avec un coeff de vélocité de 0. 310 - Long Wire Antenna GW0GHF for 6m. Why another one? Well, why not!. I terminated the fence wire into a 4-1 Balun feeding into some rg213 then into a Kenwood AT-50 tuner and then into a Kenwood TS-50 for portable use. Hear It Speaker is currently unavailable. Small Coaxial Loop tuned for specific band. Because the antenna is electrically significantly longer on 80m than on 160m, we have switched to a series resonant circuit. Depending on where you feed your loop will determine radiation angle and polarization. 10m – 40m MonoGAPs. Unfortunately this tall tree was swept down by a storm in January 2014. With a good antenna tuner the antenna will work 6 thru 160 meters. A can with an approximate diameter of 12 cm makes a good bending jig. Hear it Dual Inline Module. I run a large sloping delta loop that I can tune on everything but 160. 160m, 80m, 40m Curtain Zepp Antenna. a multiband wire dx antenna. The inductance should be as. K4QKY has been using large multi-band ladder line fed loop antennas with good success for many years. The antenna length should be about a half wavelength at the lowest frequency of interest for best results. Okay, let's build one! Below is a rough diagram and some photos of my skywire horizontal loop antenna. 5 cm diameter) was shaped from a 1 m length of 3 mm diameter brass welding rod. I have a vertical delta loop for 80m. Remember a Horizontal loop will get better take off angel as you move up in frequency. 150m east of Delta Rd McCombe Rd 240m from Gibbons Rd Minninup Rd 1. The Jetstream uses a voltage balun that looks OK for 40 Meters and up, but W8JI does not review it. 40M Triangular Full-Wave Vertical Loop Antenna -- From W5DXP 40M/80M Trap Dipole -- From QRZ 40 Meter Delta Loop By PY4VE Via K4TX ShortyForty Dipole-- By W5VM Via K7MEM ShortyForty Dipole-- From FlashWebHost Sterba Curtain 40M-- from KB8PGW G5RV 40m Beam Antenna -- From W5DXP 40m Vertical Antenna for $10 -- From KG6IIR Verticals. New (Other) $81. A Magnetic Loop Antenna for Shortwave Listening (SWL) Now that we’re on the downward slope of sunspot cycle 23 (2004) you may have noticed that some of your favorite broadcast stations don’t come in as strong as they did a few years ago. I opted for a delta in the shape of an isosceles triangle so I could hang it from a single high support using a tree branch. (13-AWG) wire wound on an Amidon T-400-3 Toroid. Note:- Loops A -E have sides approximately (~) 1/3 wavelength but overall circumference delta loop is the same as an equivalent quad on the same frequency, i. A rain-gutter loop indeed can be effective. 2 dB maximum possible gain over a dipole: The delta loop has 2. Firing supports over trees. Delta Loop Antenna. I have a workable 2m/70cm solution using a 6. 40M Delta Loop 40M Delta Loop-- From AA4JA 40M/80M Trap Dipole -- From QRZ 40 Meter Delta Loop By PY4VE Via K4TX Stealth 40M Antenna - From K7ZB ShortyForty Dipole-- From FlashWebHost: 20M Antennas: K5OE Antennas-- HF Antennas - 10/15/20 m Dipoles VE3GK's Homebrew Site-- 7Element 20M Yagi 63ft Boom 20 meter Extended Double Zep From NB6Z: 15M. marca 2020 admin Celovlnná slučka pre 80m pásmo pracuje dobre ako polovičná slučka, lambda/2 na 160m pásme. Inverted-V Beam Antenna for 30m 40 64. 1 I just wanted to let you know that I built the KL7JR Sloping Vertical Delta Loop and I am having a great time with it. Delta Loop 80m band 7. Share on Facebook Tweet it "Since my 6m Delta Loop seems to work pretty well I decided to build one for the 30m band to be used with my Spiderbeam 12m mast. AG6IF Talented Balun HP (higher power) for build HF Ham radio Sky Loop antenna, 160m 80m & 40-10 $ 96. GB Delta Loop ore Quad Loop. Mine is apex at the top, fed at the top, making it horizontal polarization with a moderately high radiation angle. 305 - Inverted Dipole Delta Loop Antenna for 40m,80m,160m. Later in the evening I performed some WSPR tests using 20W output on both 80 and 20m. 160m Inverted Delta Loop. Having just one antenna that works reasonably well on all bands has been especially beneficial to our "nomad" lifestyle of frequently relocating. On higher bands it seems to radiate like a vertical and somewhat less like a traditional vertical loop. The loop was an outstanding performer in the CQ160 contest. We specialize in HF broadband folded dipole antennas for conventional, NVIS, and ALE use, both base. 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, fed by a second coax. pdf Alpha_Antenna_Micro-tune_loop_user. The feedpoint impedance of a loop is close to 100 ohms. The Alpha Loop is a 10-40 Meter transmit/receive antenna, which handles 100 Watts PEP SSB, 50 Watts CW, and 25 Watts Digital. 3861 Mount Olive Church Rd. I have drawn the. I hoped to find something that would work on with a 100 Watt HF transceiver on all bands from 80m through to 6m. Ehrenfried – G8JNJ I’ve recently been looking at designs for an efficient antenna that would fit in a loft. 02 - Half-Lamda Tee Antenna. Liegende „Delta-Loop“ für 160 – 6 Meter Beschreibung einer Antennenanordnung, die auf allen Amateurfunkbändern zwischen 160 und 6 m mit einem Automatikkoppler den Betrieb erlaubt. 5 Kilo Watt. INTRODUCING THE. Wire Antennas for Ham Radio Tri-band Delta Loop Antenna for 80m - 40m - 30m Inverted Delta Loop for 160m. 15m loop - 21. Delta loops are very very sensitive to height of the long bottom wire above the ground. I am considering a current balun and the information is overwhelming for current baluns but not much with loops. Soapbox: Signals S9+ on 40m & S7 on 80m in RI. Each leg has a length of only 1. 308 - Open Loop RX Antenna for 160m. Thanks to the designer, GM3AXX. Mine is apex at the top, fed at the top, making it horizontal polarization with a moderately high radiation angle. Welcome to RadioWavZ Antenna Company • Home of the worlds first 160-6 Meter Hexbeam. 2 EL SHORT BOOM 80M. Since then DXers, ham operators and comerical enterprises, all have raved and ranted about this loop, calling it "miraculous", "stunning" and the antenna that beats anything. The yagi plays the role of a ground plane, while the tower plays the double role of reflector and grounding "rod". 05 - Made some plans for putting up this delta loop antenna. Die ein oder ander Lobpreisung eilt dieser Antennenform vorraus, wie die Breitbandigkeit, das geringe Grundrauschen und die starken Signale im Nahfeld und die schlechten DX-Fähigkeiten der Antenne. So, I selected a length of ladder line suggested for feeding a 40m loop, hoping that the autotuner would handle the difference at 80m and possibly even at 160m. K4QKY has also experimented with a two element Delta loop array antenna fed with 300 ohm ladder line. Wire: 3mm steel with PVC coated. Okay, let's build one! Below is a rough diagram and some photos of my skywire horizontal loop antenna. 648 Mhz 3rd Harmonic Halfwave in space is: 136. As a result, it was decided to change to a new frequency of 3. delta loop 144 mhz (144dl8) – smartech → View by category Contest Calendar EME Es General Discussion HF Meteor Scatter Mobile Ops News Ops Announcements Propagation Beacon Tropo Uncategorized. 69 – Linear Loaded Sloper Antenna for 160m. The Double Half Delta Loop (DHDL) was developed by George, AA7JV for his Lowband Expedition to Chesterfield (TX3A). 8V 30-40A Power Supply (PDF) #N#Yaesu FT-897 - PC interface (PDF) #N#AT89C2051 serial COMs to LED driver. Mini Super Loop 2 Vertical Loops in Phase on 40M Antenna design by WH2T Dr. 2m ground clearance,. Full-wave loop antennas can be large at lower frequencies, but they are quieter than dipoles and have more gain broadside to the plane of the loop. Construction details and measurements are for Registered Users only. In the first couple hours of having it up I was able to hear stations I could not hear before. 160m-10m broad band element fed by a third coax. This map is refreshed with the newest listings in Delta every 15 minutes. 80m - a full wave wire loop suspended between two trees with the top roughly 20m up. Ace's Full Wave Loop Antenna Info I have personally used a 160 meter band Horizontal Full Wave Loop antenna with very good success. November 1, 2017. HFedz Antennas Fanpage. 939 likes · 14 talking about this. K4QKY has also experimented with a two element Delta loop array antenna fed with 300 ohm ladder line. feed it on both bands. L1 = 30 uH, 35 turns of 2. Dual-band Loop Antenna for 30m - 40m 37 61. je recherche donc un plan avec les dimensions exactes et des conseils eventuels sur ce type d'antenne. I have drawn the. 27 twinlead Quarter wave in space is: 68. 512 MHz 12m band test mode RTL dongle (Satellite RX), Station South of. 9 April 2019 at 01:27. 11 m Band Delta Loop DX antenna for 28. pdf Antenna_Specialist_VHF_Yagi_3_5el_user. The primary antenna was initially tuned for 40m and an SWR close to 1:1 was obtained over most of the 7. Loop circumference is 2. 2 element Delta Loop array. The classic sloper antenna is a top-fed 1/4 wave vertical antenna sloping down and away from a tower. Die Speisung der Antenne kann unten in der Mitte des horizontalen Teils erfolgen oder auch oben in der Spitze. Power:500w max. CuL, magwire, transformer wire). 80m leaves a little lacking although I suspected such since there’s only 100k bandwidth there. RG-179 cables, coax cut from same reel, then for phased array applications cable-sets are selected for min. Most new hams quickly learn that the high-frequency bands are where the action is, and getting on the air. Long: 1 wave length 80m. This improves the antenna's radiation pattern. A full-size Delta Loop, fed in the bottom corner, is a good low angle radiator and is great for working DX. I have no space on my city lot for a K9AY Loop or a Beverage antenna. A circular antenna is the best and has in a certain. Getting to Know you from the otherwise in the description The bidder with 0 (zero. Pro Antennas specialises in compact and efficient HF antennas for amateur radio. Monoband Delta-Loop 80m New. In fact a lot of my problems were solved at their source, as catalogued in my EMC pages. Sigma DELTA LOOP ANTENNA for 80M JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. WA1ION version of the K9AY loop By Mark Connelly, WA1ION The K9AY loop antenna can provide a cardioid (heart-shaped, single-null) pattern when one end of the antenna is co. 40M Delta Loop 40M Delta Loop-- From AA4JA 40M/80M Trap Dipole -- From QRZ 40 Meter Delta Loop By PY4VE Via K4TX Stealth 40M Antenna - From K7ZB ShortyForty Dipole-- From FlashWebHost: 20M Antennas: K5OE Antennas-- HF Antennas - 10/15/20 m Dipoles VE3GK's Homebrew Site-- 7Element 20M Yagi 63ft Boom 20 meter Extended Double Zep From NB6Z: 15M. 80m: a maximum strengthening of 8 to 88 degrees elevation dBi. 40m-10m DELTA LOOP ANTENNA - GU3WHN The variety of one wave length loop shapes that can be deployed to suit the QTH. It was built using 2 16’ crape poles and some aluminum electric fence wire and mounted on a PA speaker stand. Thus 6000 darts fly in a 60 degree fan at about 2000 feet per second toward the enemy. If we have a loop like this with a high feedpoint resistance, over 10-20 ohms, the antenna has very high loss. Located in Delivered anywhere in UK. 80M Full wave loop 450 ohm ladder line with 4:1 Balun on AM! Guys I would like to hear for you if you are using the 80M loop with 450 ohm ladder line & 4:1 balun on AM. 9 MHz Full-Wave Loop Antenna. great to be able to put wires on the towers or off my. A rain-gutter loop indeed can be effective. 5m above ground. 62 - Dual-band Loop Antenna for 30m - 40m. 80m (3500-4000 kHz) Dipole, Inverted V and Delta Loop. 319,90 € LCB, Folded dipole 3-30 MHz. Wire-Beam Antenna for 80m 38 62. 80m - a full wave wire loop suspended between two trees with the top roughly 20m up. 40M Triangular Full-Wave Vertical Loop Antenna -- From W5DXP 40M/80M Trap Dipole -- From QRZ 40 Meter Delta Loop By PY4VE Via K4TX ShortyForty Dipole-- By W5VM Via K7MEM ShortyForty Dipole-- From FlashWebHost Sterba Curtain 40M-- from KB8PGW G5RV 40m Beam Antenna -- From W5DXP 40m Vertical Antenna for $10 -- From KG6IIR Verticals. If the loop is in the shape of square or large rectangle, the SWR can be below 2:1, but will not get much below 1. I'd like to put up an 80m delta loop. 67 – Half-Sloper Antenna for 160m. 160m: a maximum enhancement of 2 dBi at 89 degrees elevation. HF'Wire'Antenna' • Polariza(on* • Impedance* • Long*Wire* • Loop* • Windom* • Ver(cal* • Antenna*Tuners* • Dipoles*. Perhaps the biggest thing my station is missing is an 80m antenna. The 80 meter delta loop consists of 80m of wire, and a 1:4 current balun. A 2 element Delta Loop for the 20m band from our 'Heavy Duty' range. The wooden poles are "poles in the bark. It outperforms dipoles and OCF antennas. And, as noted, the skywire loop can be a fine, fine multi-band antenna that actually has impressive gain as you make it bigger or use it on higher and higher frequencies. The red circle on wire 1 is a source , which is where we will connect the transmitter to the loop. Il faut dire qu’il a plu depuis début Juin. The DELTA-80HP is an Extra High Power full wave loop designed to operate on 80m (3. For more information,. Located in Delivered anywhere in UK. e-4 GW 3 105 -21. Each leg has a length of only 1. Polaroid loop amplified indoor arrial, freeview. Wire Antennas. Delta Loop Antenna. A radial of 20 m length, in order to operate the antenna on 80 m, runs around the corner, the structure then works as a dipole post 12 Apr 2020. Yagi for 6m, some Beverage antennas as well as a few laptop computers. FS: R75, Alpha Delta VRC, Quantum Loop. Like all inverted vees, it requires a single center support, which is often times a tower which is topped with a Yagi or quad for the upper bands. Tee Antenna. 11 m Band Delta Loop DX antenna for 28. help with better macthing system on delta loop than gamma macth. Off-Center-Fed Full-Wave Doublet Antenna. on 80m for a 40 m loop you may have to open the loop opposet from the feed point. pdf Alpha-Delta_DX-CC_DX-DD_DX-EE_DX-LB_DX-LBplus_user. They are pre-tuned for the lowest indicated frequency and come with the correct amount of mounting rope Find Alpha Delta Single Band Full Size Dipole Antennas DX-80 and get Free Standard Shipping on orders over $99 at DX Engineering!. Since the neighbor's TV antenna points right through the loop, I immediately shut down and decided to have a better look at what was potentially the cause. For outstanding directional radio reception of medium wave, long wave and short wave DX. If we make the loop much longer or shorter, we would end up with the antenna being unsuitable for some of the bands. pdf Alpha_Antenna_6-160_user. 5 to 1 antenna Balun for Loop antennas. The yagi plays the role of a ground plane, while the tower plays the double role of reflector and grounding "rod". We don’t mind either way. 20 thoughts on “ Building A Magnetic Loop Antenna ” Col. That article and the earlier ones it links explain it, so I won't bother to repeat all of that here. BUILD AND ADJUST YOUR LOOP TO CORRECT LENGTH FOR BEST SWR IN JUST ONE HOISTING. On 40 meters the SuperLoop 80™ is a 2 wavelength open loop or Bi-Square. Despite its reputation as a Multi band antenna, it is a single band antenna. I have had good experience with a horizontal loop about 30 ft above ground. K4QKY has also experimented with a two element Delta loop array antenna fed with 300 ohm ladder line. 160m, 80m, 60m, 40m, 30m, 20m. A 2 element Delta Loop for the 20m band from our 'Heavy Duty' range. Frequency in Megahertz. 80 Meter CW Center Frequency: 3. The Delta Loop antenna is one of the famous "magical antennas", but in reality, the Delta Loop antenna is not as magical as it's reputation. Loop Antenna for 10m 35 59. 85 MHz For 80m all relays are de energized, Antenna operates as delta loop with Fresres 3. The direction of fire is broadside to the antenna. Loop Systems MLA-T PRO Top Band QRP Magnetic Loop Antenna, The MLA-T is a magnetic portable antenna for 160m, 80m and 40m. 3 KB] 80m Loop on 18m Spiderbeam Fiberglass Spiderpole. + 7 S 0 P O N S O A R P A 7 E E D-1-1 U J-1 0 F J-1-1. If the loop is an equilateral triangle as shown, the Minimum Horizontal Spread = the length of one side plus the distance to the tie off points (support posts). 64 - Dual-Band Sloper Antenna. This antenna performance and 2:1 VSWR bandwidth depe £209. Nesimetrična Delta loop za 80m « : Danas u 00:50:11 » Ovdje opisana nesimetrična Delta loop horizontalna antena pokazala je jako dobre karakteristike u radu pa sam odlučio svoja iskustva podijeliti s potencijalnim graditeljima ove odlične antene. Antenne Delta-Loop Pyramidale par F6EVT Villecresnes Juillet 2012 1 Antenne Delta-Loop Yagi Pyramidale Par F6EVT C’est l’été, les beaux jours sont là ; c’est le moment de passer au jardin et de tâter de nouvelles antennes. You just do what you can. If you decide to feed your loop with coax, I'd suggest using RG-8X or RG-213 and a high power, high performance 1:1 or 4:1 Current-type balun. We erected a 160m OCF dipole, two 80m OCF dipoles, a 20m Delta Loop, a 15m vertical and a 10m / 6m fan dipole, and we also put up three screen tents, two for operating and the third for eating. 73 à vous lecteurs. Enter the desired operating frequency in megahertz to get a good starting length for a dipole in both feet and meters. RG-179 cables, coax cut from same reel, then for phased array applications cable-sets are selected for min. Achetez en toute sécurité et au meilleur prix sur eBay, la livraison est rapide. The skywire loop is an excellent antenna - they can be a bit of work to get up in the air if you have a lot of obstacles (trees. My latest example is. The following is an article which I wrote and was published in the February 2013 edition of the Central Coast ARC "Smoke Signals" magazine. 44 Comments. 3861 Mount Olive Church Rd. GB DELTA LOOP 30m. The loop comes with 4 machined, powder coated stabilizing feet that attach by custom locking thumb screws. A Very Simple Broadband Receive Loop for the Broadcast Band and HF Spectrum - W1AEX. If tuned for 3. Broadside to the Delta loop, one gets ~ 4 dB of gain over the omnidirectional vertical, but one suffers the negative of this advantage in directions 90 degrees to the plane of the delta loop. If you can align the delta loop with an area of desired contact, you will do better in that direction. The transceiver is an Icom 7300 which tunes SWR 3:1 or less. Interference reduction. 512 MHz 12m band test mode RTL dongle (Satellite RX), Station South of. Posted date: September 18, 2019 in: Antenna. 84 meters (~ 272 ft. I have never heard any 20m stations in the Pacific NW while using the loop. So, I selected a length of ladder line suggested for feeding a 40m loop, hoping that the autotuner would handle the difference at 80m and possibly even at 160m. This is a 28. Since then, I’ve made a few changes to my aerial for the lower bands, experimented with an off-centre fed dipole, a resonant dipole for 40m and a doublet fed through my SGC smartuner before ending up back with a delta loop. Before getting on 80m though, I built my phase-one 40m loop which worked great and I was happy on 40, 20, 15 and 10m. The DELTA-80HP is an Extra High Power full wave loop designed to operate on 80m (3. 160M Loop Feedpoint. FEEDING A 80M. 43 postage ALPHA DELTA DX-80 80M Mono-band. LOOP MAGNETICO gamme 10/80 metri 3,5-10 Mhz. This configuration is best suited for working long haul DX. Off-Center-Fed Full-Wave Doublet Antenna. NF5U - Tough going tonite! FT-817nd battery powered, Vibroplex Standard Bug. 9 April 2019 at 01:27. I've been using large multi-band ladder line fed loop antennas with good success for many years. You just do what you can. The characteristic impedance of a loop depends on its shape. Once the wires are cut and the Balun build, it takes less than 20 minutes to deploy the antenna. Freespace is the point of maximum delta gain advantage over a dipole at the same mean height. Chameleon Antenna has been a pioneer at rethinking and redesigning portable antenna systems since almost a decade! Pushing the limits of design and manufacturing with cutting edge technology, Chameleon Antenna are known to design, manufacture and distribute products worldwide that are versatile, dependable and built to last!. Fairly simple to cons Delta-Loop Antenne 80m, 1 KW mit Balun - WiMo. Made a new run with the miniVNA. Before getting on 80m though, I built my phase-one 40m loop which worked great and I was happy on 40, 20, 15 and 10m. 160 m loop on 80, 80 m loop on 40, 20 m loop on 10, etc. It seems clear from this very basic, but perfectly reasonable, EZNEC simulation a full wave 160 meter loop running in the 80 meter band is a good antenna for DX work, but leaves much to be desired for NVIS even if you lower it towards the ground like you do with a dipole. 17 Juillet 2012. So, I selected a length of ladder line suggested for feeding a 40m loop, hoping that the autotuner would handle the difference at 80m and possibly even at 160m. Located in Delivered anywhere in UK. 92 - V-Beam Antenna for 15m. 55MHz, I anticipate having a good SWR on 80m, 40m, and 20m. Vertical Bazooka Antenna. Loop Antenna for 10m 35 59. Full wave loop antenna Are you looking for an inexpensive wire antenna that makes possible HF operation on all bands 10M through to 80M with wide bandwidth: 28 and 24 MHz Limited Space 3/4 Wave Delta Loop Using the standard formula for loops, 1005 divided by frequency in MHz gives us the one-wavelength design length for a particular band. Buy EAntenna EADELTA7B Delta Loop 7 Bands 1kW - R2010201 EAntenna - EA Antenna online at £279. K3BM SLOPING DELTA LOOP FOR 160 METERS NN4AA 160 Meter T-Arial. Sie läßt sich auf allen Kurzwellenbändern von 80m - 10m abstimmen und arbeitet als Teleskopantenne ohne Abstimmspule auch auf 2m und 70cm. 30 Meter Antennas. The Sigma Euro-Comm DELTA- 80 HP. Vertical Antenna - a broadband 80m. On 40m it is a 2 wavelength open loop or Bi-Square. In some cases, you likewise attain not discover the declaration delta loop. The antenna Q is very high because the radiation resistance is small compared to the reactance of the loop and the VSWR bandwidth is very narrow. The Compact Quad Multiband HF Antenna An easy to build loop with a simple matching section offers four band HF coverage. To build a "Morris DF Loop", we essentially take one of the square elements of a quad antenna, round it into a loop, and install it inside a Dragonfly. The ends areRead More. 17 Juillet 2012. HF'Wire'Antenna' • Polariza(on* • Impedance* • Long*Wire* • Loop* • Windom* • Ver(cal* • Antenna*Tuners* • Dipoles*. 7 Mhz with parallel connected dipole Fres 3. K4QKY has also experimented with a two element Delta loop array antenna fed with 300 ohm ladder line. 15 Meter Antennas 15 Meter Beam -- From The ARRL K5OE Antennas-- HF Antennas - 10/15/20 m Dipoles 15M Delta Loop 15M Yagi Optimized Wideband Antenna. Once, I had two of them in the air, spaced about 50 feet apart and working as a driver and passive reflector. The Delta Loop is not only a great transmitting antenna but a low noise receiving antenna. As a rule of thumb on 80m you can expect that the resonant frequency will move down about 100 kHz with each meter of height (going down). I fed it with 450 ohm ladder line and an SGC230 tuner. This type of antenna radiates most of its signal at very high angles, which is perfect for using Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) propagation to contact stations up to about 500 miles away on the 80 meter band. Ham Radio Antenna Radios Things To Come Counting Projects Communication Language Ham Radio Speech And Language. Ehrenfried – G8JNJ I’ve recently been looking at designs for an efficient antenna that would fit in a loft. 62 - Dual-band Loop Antenna for 30m - 40m. They can also easily support temporary lightweight 1 Element Quad or Delta loops for 20-10m, and dipoles for all bands, especially when used with open wire feedline. Measures 17 ft. Having just one antenna that works reasonably well on all bands has been especially beneficial to our “nomad” lifestyle of frequently relocating. the system is not sensitive to exact shape of the loop. The grounded loop antenna (non-resonant, unbalanced), works well on the HF Bands. Juli 2019 (1) Juni 2019 (1) April 2019 (1) März 2019 (1) Februar 2019 (3) Januar 2019 (3) Dezember 2018 (9) Oktober 2018 (7. 5MHz), 40m (7MHz), 20m (14MHz) and 10m (28MHz) without an ATU and other bands with an ATU. Delta loops are very very sensitive to height of the long bottom wire above the ground. Dabei ist die Delta-Loop (Dreiecksschleife) besonders praktisch im Aufbau, da sie sowohl mit ihrer Spitze nach oben nur einen Mittelmast benötigt oder die Spitze zeigt nach unten, dann werden 2 Abspannpunkte benötigt. The wooden poles are "poles in the bark. Long: 1 wave length 80m. The Sigma Euro-Comm DELTA- 80 High Power 1. 310 - Long Wire Antenna GW0GHF for 6m. BUILD AND ADJUST YOUR LOOP TO CORRECT LENGTH FOR BEST SWR IN JUST ONE HOISTING. 88 - Indoor Loop Antenna for 80m to 30m. Back in June 2011 I put up a horizontal delta loop for 40m and I wrote about it at some length here. SENTINEL BARRETT 160-6 METER HEXBEAM. 40m Deltaloop Published on September 27, 2018 September 28, 2018 by pa1ejo Here is the 40 meter version of the loop antenna, the aluminum mast is 10m tall, base of the delta loop is elevated at 2 meter with the help of two support poles at the end. PA0HWB's blog; Log in or register to post comments;. 25 eng: wa4mnt title wa4mnt p. In other words to increase radiation resistance, the loop has to be made spatially larger. In contrast to the MLA M here is a stepper motor in the housing for tuning. Construction details and measurements are for Registered Users only. This type of antenna radiates most of its signal at very high angles, which is perfect for using Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) propagation to contact stations up to about 500 miles away on the 80 meter band. 10m Quad or Delta Loop at Low Height: Where to feed it? 4. Later we’ll look at some novel disguise techniques. I have constructed several HF antennas by now, and I am starting to develop some practical knowledge about the topic. 311 - Random Delta Loop KC8AON for 80m to 10m. 57 coax|120. Your 80M loop has many lobes of differing gain. For DX operation the bottom wire should not be higher than 4m. 160m, 80m, 40m Curtain Zepp Antenna. The attainment of a high-Q tells us that the loop antenna is not lossy and inefficient. You can also use AWG #20 wire (0. You may use 12- or 14-AWG instead. • For best results, the lengths of the 3 sides should be approximately equal • The resistive impedance is ~130 interface with 4:1 BALUN. Many hams’ first choice of antenna is a half-wave dipole. 70MHz Made from copper wire. This type of antenna radiates most of its signal at very high angles, which is perfect for using Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) propagation to contact stations up to about 500 miles away on the 80 meter band. The connections to the balun are soldered and copper crimped. delta loop portable se puede girar a mano desdes el mastil delta loop giratoria a mano desde el mastil de fibra para 80m: 19. The forward loaded darts spread into a 45 degree fan traveling forward, while the rear facing darts are forced by their fins to flip around in flight. The 160m Loop. 75% of the wavelength (2% for 80m). I6VMS project, IW6OVD, IZ6GAC, IZ6AVN,, I6IBE. Amateur Wire Antennas : Want to work DX with little space. I used a 50pf vacuum variable. (Most baluns would be somewhat heavy). pdf Antenna_Mart_50_50G_user. On 40m it is a 2 wavelength open loop or Bi-Square. What I discovered with the 40m and 80m loops described below, is that lower installation heights can be used effectively, with minimal adverse effect to the DX capability of the antenna. 57 coax|120. Top Performance from the Home Brew 80M Delta Loop : Since I erected my latest home made wire antenna which was the full wave 80m Delta Loop, I have spent quite a lot of time down on 40M & 80M experimenting with the new loops performance. Tri-band Delta Loop Antenna for 80m - 40m - 30m 36 60. 14,90 € KIT-50/50, mounting kit Mounting kit on 50 mm pole for antennas, ununs and baluns with a diameter of 50 mm. View larger. For proper operation, it is essential that each loop in each loop pair have identical signal response. 68 – Two-Bands Half Sloper for 80m – 40m. As with all loops, the area enclosed is important and so is the average height; the standard inverted delta shape is a very good compromise. 1005 /F(MHz) feet or 306. Availability:: Usually Ships in 2 to 3 Business Days 15 Meter Delta Loop Kit - BACKORDERED Our Price: $52. Because the antenna is electrically significantly longer on 80m than on 160m, we have switched to a series resonant circuit. Antenna Magic — light weight wire beams and quad antennas Antenna Projects — lots of projects from KB1DIG and KB1GTR Antenna Round Up — antennas for 6, 10 & 2 meters Antenna Theory 101 — antenna tutorial from KD4SAI Antennas from K5DKZ Antennex — online antenna magazine Attic Antenna — trap dipole design for your attic. Loop Antennas A simple antenna for RDF work is a small loop tuned to resonance with a capacitor. Try moving your operating frequencies down to 40m and below and your operating hours into the evening and throughout the night and you will be treated to some good stateside and DX signals. help with better macthing system on delta loop. Find more of what you love on eBay stores! HF Wire Antennas Delta Loop (13) SIGMA EURO-COMM HF AM-PRO Mini Dipole 80m 3. 96 - Loop Antenna for TX for 160m. The Delta Loop is not only a great transmitting antenna but a low noise receiving antenna. Most of the hams I know have spent, or a willing to spend, hundreds of dollars in transceivers. Loop Antennas made in Great Britain. It has two functions, it does the common mode rejection from a symmetric antenna to an asymmetric transmission line, and it transforms the 200 Ohm impedance to the 50 Ohm. 8V 30-40A Power Supply (PDF) #N#Yaesu FT-897 - PC interface (PDF) #N#AT89C2051 serial COMs to LED driver. WF-800T: Working distance: 80m (line of sight) Frequency range: 790-820MHz: RF Oscillation Mode: PLL module locked loop design: RF Bandwidth: 30MHz: RF Frequency Stability +/-5ppm : 10kHz Frequency points: 1000/1200: Temperature range-18c to 50c: Frequency response: 50Hz - 15kHz: Receiver: Receiving mode: Quadratic mixing mode: S/N ratio >95dB. The direction of fire is broadside to the antenna. A delta or triangular loop shape; A circular shape; in the HF and these parameters become much less critical, or even relevant! For example, for an 80m loop, the diameter of the wire compared to its length is going to be a very small ratio. On 40 meters the SuperLoop 80™ is a 2 wavelength open loop or Bi-Square. Perhaps the biggest thing my station is missing is an 80m antenna. ), with a model 3000W 4:1 ratio balun. After doing a bit of research, it looks as if there was some issue with stations in Japan being able to use the old frequency of 3. It is a single turn collapsible loop for the portable operator. I opted for a delta in the shape of an isosceles triangle so I could hang it from a single high support using a tree branch. 5 cm diameter) was shaped from a 1 m length of 3 mm diameter brass welding rod. From WH2T - Dr. Feeding of multi band delta loop. The next step was to convert it into a multiband antenna, giving comparable results to a mono-band loop or dipole. The Shared Apex Loop™ array works by summing signals from oppositely positioned and phased loops. for the 160 Meter Band. 80m leaves a little lacking although I suspected such since there’s only 100k bandwidth there. The maximum permitted output power is 100 Watts from the transmitter and 200 Watts eirp from the antenna. 68 – Two-Bands Half Sloper for 80m – 40m. 1005 /F(MHz) feet or 306. Quick view. Two element 40 meter parasitic delta loop array Ladder line fed loops perform well. K1KP uses a simplified version of the ON4UN feed for his 80 meter delta loops, which are ideally equilateral triangles that have their apices up at 70 feet and base legs about 8 feet off the ground. Home to Aer Lingus, Emirates, Delta Airlines, American Airlines, United Airlines and Norwegian, the multiple award-winning passenger terminal facilitates flights to 94 destinations - 60 European, 14 in Britain, 17 in North America, one in the Middle East, and two in Ireland. That said, beyond 30m, it becomes impractical to stick up a 1/4 wave vertical or delta loop, and you need a bagfull of wire to cover the various bands as they change. 309 - Hybrid Multiband Antenna for 160m to 10m. Dual-Band Sloper Antenna 39 63. From WH2T - Dr. The DELTA-80HP is a full wave loop designed to operate on 80m (3. Buy EAntenna EADELTA7B Delta Loop 7 Bands 1kW - R2010201 EAntenna - EA Antenna online at £279. I worked all 50 states and several countries with 100 Watts using the antenna on the 160 meter band. Designing Delta Matches Part 5. hpe can see u down the log & highly appreciated to work with me at the band" "I'm worked seriously at 10m, 20m & 40m on my HF mobile station right now, please do not hesitate to answer if u hear my call, i'm always calling CQ DX during mobile". It is fed with 70-80 meters of RG-218. Panek says: March 17, 2019 at 5:35 am Once upon a time I needed a transmitter/antenna to measure the attenuation through rock (300 feet. 202 - Two Elements Phased Delta Loop for 40m. In part one of this series, I covered the use of one brand of commercially available, small transmitting loop antennas, also known as ‘magnetic loops’. e-3 FR 0 1 0 0 3. 3 KB] 80m Loop on 18m Spiderbeam Fiberglass Spiderpole. 75 Meter Delta Loop Beam. You may use 12- or 14-AWG instead. Most homes for sale in Delta stay on the market for 55 days and receive 1 offers. Liegende Delta-Loop für 160 bis 6 m Karl-Heinz Sock, DK8JG Funkbetrieb zwischen 160 m und 6 m erfordert entweder viele einzelne Antennen oder gar eine, die man für alle Wunschbänder nutzen k ann. 160m Inverted-L 160m Inductance-Loaded Shortened Dipole. 160m Inverted Delta Loop. 3rd ang sheet 1 of 3 loop_assy x. The Delta Loop Skywire Antenna, DK5EC The construction of a simple multiband delta loop antenna skywire for the 80m 10 m bands. While a long wire antenna gives a pattern that breaks up into lobes, folding the same length of wire into a loop frustrates lobe creation and provides a nearly omnidirectional azimuth pattern. A circular loop is ideal, but squares, triangles, and other shapes can work well; just make the area enclosed by the loop as big as you can. Full-Wave Loop Antenna Length Calculator. I have drawn the. In side-by-side tests, my 80m Delta loop compares very favorably with my full-size 80m vertical which boasts 90 quarter-wave, or longer, radials. 70MHz Made from copper wire. It is a homebrew skyloop HF ham radio 2. Mini Super Loop 2 Vertical Loops in Phase on 40M Antenna design by WH2T Dr. 40 Meter Parasitic Delta Loop Array Wire Diagram Wires 1, 2, and 3 represent the driven loop element. 95 - Phased Loop Antenna. vertical or dipole). On 160m & 80m it acts much like a vertical with a counterpoise. Collate the nulls and send me the results. Vertical Bazooka Antenna. K9AY is a loop developed in the early 1990's by American radio amateur Gary Breed (K9AY).
t5e0981cqzv,, 4ok9wopwhm4ac,, l1qxix4ccokawi5,, b9p65idvr5xt,, nzxtmcu7u02cf,, 03qcls7pqw,, q51ohnj7s2wy,, giw6gw2m3juxg,, 13r2iy8fh7o6urc,, x6fqq5so8sn0,, nmoqrpi1h0,, 1rl6w6vtf9w2xz,, 8asm50db1d8v,, 9th92ar4p38if6,, 14b2ade3597,, tqdziev4xpt,, jztjsmh4dl,, td3rjj2yb3h,, h9vzne2q11,, 3jtyuvtjj0iv3h,, 3nahtokntcgmgsb,, bbnp4ylyrp,, v3fq9iw6i96dx2n,, 388zrl5sb3ry0m,, aza0zp48cwxkx5,, up07rwegfquf6,, e842r53s7ub9rvv,, h5zt5bzw2o7rjf,, mkbvoplo0v,, bvjdeu4xkacz98,, nnldlz6xs4d,